Fluorine contamination was removed from a Si(100) surface by an atomic H flux. The surface was intentionally contaminated to approximate the residual fluorine concentration remaining after a concentrated HF last process. By dipping the wafers in concentrated HF the thin oxide was removed and replaced with a hydrogen and fluorine terminated surface. This surface was then either vacuum annealed or exposed to a 20 Watt rf excited H-plasma at 50 mTorr, in order to achieve an atomically clean surface. The substrate temperature during the Hplasma exposure and vacuum anneal was 450°C. The surface chemistry was characterized with x-ray photoemission spectroscopy (XPS), auger electron spectroscopy (AES), and angle-resolved UV photoemission spectroscopy (ARUPS). The surface symmetry was characterized with low energy electron diffraction (LEED). Before the H-plasma exposure, the XPS spectra indicated Si-F bonding, and a l×1 LEED diffraction pattern was observed. Immediately following the Hplasma exposure, the fluorine concentration was reduced below detection limits of XPS, and the surface showed a 2×1 reconstruction. A mechanism is proposed by which molecular HF results from atomic hydrogen interactions with fluorine on the surface.