Applications of hot-wire anemometers to velocity rneaaurements near walls can result in erroneous velocity data owing to additional heat losses to the wall. It is difficult to account for these errors if calibration data are used that were obtained in calibration test rigs without walls. This has been recognized in many studies in which hot-wires were applied to measurements in wall boundary-layer flows and different suggestions for corrections have been given. The present paper summarizes these suggested corrections and points out existing differences. It is also shown that some hot-wire measurements have been performed without any corrections being applied and reasons for this are given. Whereas most of the existing suggestions for wall corrections of hot-wire data are based on experiments, the present approach uses results of a numerical study.
Assuming the problem to be two-dimensional and that the wire can be replaced by a line source of heat, a numerical study is carried out for the temperature distribution downstream of the wire, and computations are performed for the heat loss from the wire in presence of the wall. Computations are performed for two Merent boundary conditions representing ideally conducting and non-conducting materials. These different boundary conditions yield large differences in the computed heat losses from the wire, and these explain the existing differences in the experimentally obtained corrections. The numerical study also shows that the large heat losses for conducting walls are due to the distorted temperature distribution in the temperature wake of the wire.
Some of the results of the numerical studies were experimentally verified by the authors and a procedure haa been developed to correct instantaneous hot-wire readings for additional heat losses to a wall. For non-conducting walls, the heat losses are much smaller and are negligible for most practical measurements.