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We present the preliminary results of the measurements of longitudinal magnetic field of the massive white dwarf 1658+441. This star have an hydrogen pure atmosphere (e.g. Dupuis & Chayer, 2003). We have observed the target in a total of 18 hrs during 3 consecutive nights in June 2010 and one more in May 2011. The data was acquired with a prototypical spectropolarimeter at the San Pedro Martir Telescope in Mexico. We have tested the magnetic field measurements with our instrument using the famous Babcock's star obtaining consistent results with previous studies. For our object of study, the WD 1658+441, we have measured variable intensities of the longitudinal magnetic field of Blong = 720 kG that oscillates with an amplitude of 130 kG.
We present the design of a stellar spectropolarimeter to measure the magnetic field of point sources. The polarization module interfaces the Boller and Chivens (B&Ch) intermediate-low resolution (R ~ 500 − 4000) spectrograph to the 2.1-m telescope of the San Pedro Martir National Astronomical Observatory in Mexico. The module uses a Savart plate to split the beam into two orthogonal states of polarization and a quarter (half) waveplate to measure circular (linear) polarization. The module is mounted to the telescope and it feeds the spectrograph through a set of four fibers, two for the polarized star images and two for the spectrograph calibration lamp. The instrument will be capable of measuring polarization in spectral lines to determine the longitudinal and transversal fields in magnetic stars.
Catastrophic degradation of high power laser diodes is due to the generation of extended defects during the laser operation. The stress necessary for is induced by temperature gradients generated by local enhancement of the temperature due to non radiative recombination and subsequent laser self absorption. The thermal stresses induced by such temperature gradient are calculated using finite element methods, showing that the yield strength can be surpassed. The thermal conductivity of the laser structure is shown to play a relevant role in the process.
In this work we study the defects responsible for the degradation of high power AlGaAs based laser bars. The mirror and cavity degradations are studied by spectral cathodoluminescence (CL) imaging. Following the analysis of the CL images the main defects generated during the laser operation are revealed, both facet and intracavity defects are observed. A thermomechanical model is used to describe the very beginning of the defect formation. The defects are formed by a local plastic deformation induced by local heating at defects.
The evolution of clay minerals in a Navarre Andosol (Spain) is investigated. The results indicate formation of allophane, evolution of trioctahedral mica to dioctahedral illite and the appearance of 10:14 A interstratified mineral in the lower layer. In the top horizons the interstratified mineral changes into vermiculite. The mineral distribution in the profile is indicated.
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