The design of modern magnetic storage devices with their rapidly increasing information density ne-cessitates a full characterization of the underlying microstructure of the device materials. Lorentz microscopy has for several decades been the main vehicle for micro-magnetic observations. The pri-mary limitation of the Lorentz modes is perhaps the attainable magnification. To avoid saturation, the sample must be placed in a low-field or preferably field-free region in the column, and this invariably means that the microscope can only be operated at low magnifications. Both Fresnel and Foucault images are rather sensitive to the exact experimental conditions which renders quantitative observa-tions quite difficult, if not impossible. Inelastic scattering further limits the usefulness of Lorentz observations to very thin foils.
We have recently reported1 a novel Lorentz microscopy setup, combining a Gatan Imaging Filter (GIF) and a JEOL 4000EX top-entry high resolution TEM, operated at 400 kV with the main objective lens switched off.