The 2001 honoring of Russian twin researcher, Dr. Inna V. Ravich-Shcherbo, at the Tenth International Congress on Twin Studies (ISTS), in London, brought timely recognition to an international colleague. It also marked an occasion for reflecting on the course of twin studies in Russia. Historical trends and current accomplishments are examined with an eye toward future developments. Next, the distinguished careers of Russian monozygotic twins, Drs. Alexander and Andrew Fingelkurts, exemplify twin research findings on intelligence and occupational choice, and illuminate the status of twin studies and other scientific research in their country, are told. Their life histories are followed by the initially tragic, but ultimately heartwarming, story of young twins, Max and Andy, whose physical disabilities were overcome through the efforts of an empathic war veteran. The recent Moscow Summer School, the first in a three-time lecture series, encouraged crucial academic exchange among scientific investigators and students from around the world. Final thoughts are that much can be learned and much can be accomplished, given that we continue to nurture the twin-related resources available to us.