The effect of high-pressure treatment (400, 500 and 650 MPa) on the structure and activity of bovine lactoferrin in different iron-saturation forms has been studied by several techniques. The structural changes produced in lactoferrin by high-pressure were analysed by differential scanning calorimetry and fluorescence spectroscopy, and the immunoreactivity by ELISA. The effect of high-pressure was also studied on some biological properties of lactoferrin, such as iron binding capacity, retention of the bound iron, and antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli O157:H7. Results obtained indicate that treatment at 400 MPa does not substantially modify the conformation of lactoferrin, meanwhile treatments at 500 and 650 MPa greatly affect some of its properties. With respect to the antibacterial activity, the apo and native forms of lactoferrin maintain that activity against Esch. coli only after 400 MPa treatment.