The behavioural responses of adult female western flower thrips, Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande) to volatiles from meadow-sweet (Filipendula ulmaria), bay laurel (Laurus nobilis) and sage (Salvia officinalis) were investigated in laboratory bioassays. Volatiles collected by entrainment of a solvent extract of F. ulmaria were more attractive than was the original extract. Frankliniella occidentalis was also significantly attracted to volatiles from L. nobilis and S. officinalis. Analysis by gas chromatography and mass spectrometry identified 1,8-cineole (eucalyptol) as one of the main volatile components of all three plant species. In coupled gas chromatography-electroantennography studies with F. ulmaria, both 1,8-cineole and methyl salicylate elicited responses from F. occidentalis. Eucarvone was identified as the major component of F. ulmaria volatiles, but showed no electrophysiological activity. Behavioural responses of thrips to a range of concentrations of 1,8-cineole and methyl salicylate were tested using a modified Pettersson ‘star’ olfactometer. 1,8-Cineole showed some attractant activity for the thrips at 0.01 mg, but methyl salicylate was repellent at all the concentrations tested.