Cryptosporidium parvum is an intracellular protozoan parasite belonging to the phylum Apicomplexa, and a major cause of waterborne gastroenteritis throughout the world. Invasive zoites of apicomplexan parasites, including C. parvum, are thought to have characteristic organelles on the apical apex; however, compared with other parasites, the cytoskeletal ultrastructure of C. parvum zoites is poorly understood. Thus, in the present study, we ultrastructurally examined C. parvum sporozoites using electron microscopy to clarify the framework of invasive stages. Consequently, at the apical end of sporozoites, 3 apical rings and an electron-dense collar were seen. Two thick central microtubules were seen further inside sporozoites and extended to the posterior region. Using anti-α and -β tubulin antibodies generated from sea urchin and rat brain, both antibodies cross-reacted at the apical region of sporozoites in immunofluorescent morphology. The molecular mass of C. parvum α tubulin antigen was 50 kDa by Western blotting and the observed apical cytoskeletal structures were shown to be composed of α tubulin by immunoelectron microscopy. These results suggested that C. parvum sporozoites were clearly different in their cytoskeletal structure from those of other apicomplexan parasites.