The paha of northwestern Illinois are longitudinal dunes developed in toto during Woodfordian time. Cores of noneolian materials, such as are typical in the paha of northeastern Iowa, are either not present or much reduced in numbers in the paha of Illinois. Variation in the thickness of the surface blanket of Peoria Loess accounts for the total topographic expression of the Illinois paha.
Underlying the Peoria Loess is a sequence of Pleistocene deposits consisting of two tills of Illinoian age, and the Plano Silt and Roxana Loess of Altonian age. Radiocarbon ages obtained from the Plano Silt range from 41,900 ± 1300 to 34,630 ± 710 radiocarbon years B.P.