The search for disease resistance in wild types is continuing, in order to introduce resistant genes from wild relatives. In this study, we found that the wild melon Cucumis prophetarum was comparably more tolerant to salinity, the damping-off disease caused by the fungus Rhizoctonia solani and the root-knot nematode Meloidogyne incognita. The percentage of wild melon survival was 60% compared to that of the cultivated cucumber Cucumis sativus, which was 15%, when irrigated with NaCl at a concentration of 2500 ppm; and 96% for the wild melon compared with 44% for the cultivated cucumber when irrigated with CaSO4.2H2O at a concentration of 1000 ppm. Wild melon plants were more tolerant to R. solani attack, as only 20% of the plants were infested compared with 100% of infestation observed for the cultivated cucumber. The average number of nematode galls was 250 per plant on the cultivated cucumber when compared with 6.3 per plant on the wild species. Wild melon could be a potential source of resistant or tolerant genes that can be transferable to cultivated cucumbers.