During an O2 plasma ashing process, carbon depletion and subsequent moisture uptake caused increase of keff and the leakage current in an organosilicate (OSG) low-k dielectric. For dielectric restoration, additional CH4 plasma treatment on the O2 plasma ashed OSG low-k dielectric was investigated using angle resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ARXPS), XPS depth profiling, x-ray reflectivity (XRR), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Raman spectroscopy, and contact angle goniometer. After CH4 plasma treatment on the O2 plasma ashed OSG, the surface carbon concentration and surface hydrophobicity were partially recovered. A dense surface layer containing C=C bonds was found to have formed on the top of the damaged OSG. The C-V hysteresis and the leakage current were reduced as a result of the CH4 plasma treatment. XPS depth profiling revealed that the recovery effect was limited to the surface region.