A simple and inexpensive method to modify the surface of a Ti3Al-based alloy, liquid-phase siliconizing and aluminizing by an Al-Si alloy, has been proposed. The surface modification at 1013 K for 10 min using Al-10 wt% Si melt resulted in a modified layer with a thickness of about 21 μm, composed of TiAl3 and TiSi2. The coating improved the isothermal oxidation resistance of the Ti3Al-based alloy at 1073 K. A continuous alumina-rich scale was formed at the outermost surface after oxidation. SiO2 was detectable in the oxide scale. The results of x-ray diffraction and x-ray energy dispersive spectrometer analysis showed that during oxidation, some of the TiSi2 in the coating was oxidized to SiO2. In the meantime, the TiSi2 was reduced to a lower silicide, Ti5Si4. The change of the surface microstructure after oxidation and the diffusion reaction between the coating and the Ti3Al substrate were also discussed.