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The aim of this study is to establish a guidance for device retrieval based on comprehensive bench tests.
Device embolisation remains a major complication in transcatheter closure of atrial septal defect and patent ductus arteriosus. Although percutaneous retrieval is feasible in the majority of cases, surgical retrieval may be required in complicated circumstances. However, the methods of transcatheter device retrieval have not been completely established.
Bench tests of device retrieval were performed to verify the appropriate retrieval method according to device type/size. The devices used for testing were Amplatzer Septal Occluder (Abbott, Chicago, IL, United States of America), Figulla Flex II (Occlutech GmbH, Jena, Germany), Amplatzer Duct Occluder-I (Abbott), Amplatzer Duct Occluder-II (Abbott), and Amplatzer Vascular Plug-II (Abbott). The retrieval equipment constituted diagnostic catheters (multipurpose catheter and right Judkins catheter, 4-Fr or 5-Fr, Gadelius Medical, Tokyo, Japan), delivery sheath and cables for each device, Amplatz goose neck snares (Medtronic, Minneapolis, MN, United States of America), OSYPKA CATCHER (Osypka ag, Rheinfelden-Herten, Germany), and OSYPKA LASSOS (Osypka). We investigated the retrieval equipment and sheath sizes required for a successful retrieval procedure for variously sized devices.
For patent ductus arteriosus devices, the type of snare and the snaring position are considered important. For atrial septal defect devices, simple snare capture or a double-snare technique with a sufficiently large sheath is effective. Special care should be taken when using the OSYPKA CATCHER for device retrieval.
The results of this study may assist in the selection of both capture devices and a retrieval sheath or a catheter for complete retrieval.
Clinical practice guidelines for schizophrenia and major depressive disorder have been published. However, these have not had sufficient penetration in clinical settings. We developed the Effectiveness of Guidelines for Dissemination and Education in Psychiatric Treatment (EGUIDE) project as a dissemination and education programme for psychiatrists.
The aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness of the EGUIDE project on the subjective clinical behaviour of psychiatrists in accordance with clinical practice guidelines before and 1 and 2 years after participation in the programmes.
A total of 607 psychiatrists participated in this study during October 2016 and March 2019. They attended both 1-day educational programmes based on the clinical practice guidelines for schizophrenia and major depressive disorder, and answered web questionnaires about their clinical behaviours before and 1 and 2 years after attending the programmes. We evaluated the changes in clinical behaviours in accordance with the clinical practice guidelines between before and 2 years after the programme.
All of the scores for clinical behaviours in accordance with clinical practice guidelines were significantly improved after 1 and 2 years compared with before attending the programmes. There were no significant changes in any of the scores between 1 and 2 years after attending.
All clinical behaviours in accordance with clinical practice guidelines improved after attending the EGUIDE programme, and were maintained for at least 2 years. The EGUIDE project could contribute to improved guideline-based clinical behaviour among psychiatrists.
We present two cases of patients with iatrogenic femoral arteriovenous fistula who underwent successful embolisation using three-dimensional shape detachable coils. A 49-year-old male with Tetralogy of Fallot had arteriovenous fistula which developed from the common femoral artery to the femoral vein with an aneurysm and a 17-year-old female with single ventricle after total-cavo-pulmonary-connection had two arteriovenous fistulas which developed from the internal iliac artery to the femoral vein. A total of six and seven pieces of detachable coils were necessary for complete occlusion, respectively. No complications were recorded. The advantage of the detachable coil is a wide variation and repositioning until the coil achieves good stabilisation and an ideal configuration.
The peri-operative mortality of the arterial switch operation in neonates with transposition of the great arteries is considerably low; however, long-term outcomes of translocated coronary arteries still remain one of the most crucial issues.
Methods and results
A total of 110 neonates with transposition of the great arteries after arterial switch operation were evaluated; three (2.7%) late deaths occurred. The remaining 107 patients except for one underwent follow-up angiography. Angiography showed coronary artery stenosis in nine (8.4%), with right coronary artery lesions in two and left main trunk lesions in seven. In two patients, right coronary artery stenosis regressed during follow-up. In left main trunk lesions, the severity of stenosis improved in four, did not change in one, and progressed to total occlusion in two patients. In children with coronary artery stenosis, myocardial scintigraphy showed perfusion defects in five out of six (83%) with left main trunk with ⩾75% stenosis and in four out of four with left main trunk stenosis ⩾90%. In contrast, patients whose coronary artery stenosis disappeared during follow-up had no perfusion defects on scintigraphy.
Regression of ostial stenosis of the transplanted coronary artery on angiogram was observed. The stenosis regressed over time in six patients; two coronary arteries with 99% stenosis and delayed angiographic enhancement of the distal coronary artery resulted in total occlusion within 1 year after the arterial switch operation. Combination of angiography and myocardial scintigraphy could be useful to differentiate deceptive stenosis from progressive stenosis.
To date, no transcatheter valve has been approved for placement in the pulmonary position in Japan. Consequently, percutaneous balloon dilatation may be advised for stenotic right ventricular outflow lesions; however, technical difficulties persist, particularly in adults. We describe the acute haemodynamic changes and outcome of balloon dilatation of right ventricular outflow obstruction using triple ultra-high pressure balloons. This is the first report of such a technical development, which seems to be safe and effective. A total of three adult patients, aged 25, 29, and 37 years, with severe conduit obstruction were referred for balloon dilatation. A triple ultra-high-pressure balloon technique was used in the three patients after unsuccessful double-balloon dilatation, or for highly calcified lesions, which were expected to require ultra-high pressure for effective relief. Following balloon dilatation, the pressure gradient decreased from 24, 30, 65 to 3, 25, 30 mmHg, respectively. There were no procedural complications except slightly increased pulmonary regurgitation. Balloon dilatation using a triple ultra-high pressure balloon technique can be a safe and effective palliative procedure for conduit obstruction in adult patients.
Integration of the III–V channel MISFETs on the Si platform is a potential solution to realize performance improvement and power reduction in the sub-22 nm node and beyond. To take advantage of the high electron mobility of III-Vs, the MIS interfaces of high integrity should be developed. This paper reports how the MIS characteristics vary in response to the changes in the interface composition and structures, and discusses the physics and chemistry behind these observations. We fabricated a wide variety of the high-k/III–V interface structures by employing the state-of-the-art technologies of the epitaxial wafers by MOCVD, surface reconstruction control in the MBE environment, wet/dry surface treatments optimized by utilizing XPS/AES analyses, and deposition of quality dielectrics (Al2O3, HfO2) by ALD and EB evaporation. The MIS characteristics were evaluated in the capacitor and FET structures. The talk will include the following topics: the effects of the cation composition (Al, Ga, In) of the III-V bulk on the MIS characteristics , the importance of the anion control (N, S) at the interface to improve the MIS characteristics, and the surface orientation ((100) vs. (111)) as a new parameter in the III-V MIS device design . This work was carried out in the Nanoelectronics Project supported by NEDO/METI.  T. Yasuda et al., as discussed at 39th IEEE SISC (San Diego, Dec. 2008).
Objectives: To determine the anatomical characteristics of systemic venous collaterals formed after the Fontan operation, and the efficacy of a transcatheter strategy for management. Methods: We reviewed retrospectively the data from cardiac catherization of 50 persistently cyanotic patients after the Fontan operation. Results: A total of 54 transcatheter interventions were performed, at a mean age of 6.3 ± 3.5 years, a mean interval of 2.7 ± 2.9 years from completion of the Fontan circulation. Of 38 patients who had fenestration of the baffle at the time of surgery, 25 had patency of the fenestration, and 24 had the fenestration occluded with a device at the time of interventional treatment for associated venous collaterals. We identified a total of 68 systemic venous collateral channels, of which 36 (53%) were supracardiac, 12 (18%) cardiac, and 20 (29%) infracardiac in origin. The most common site of origin was the brachiocephalic vein (44%), followed by the left phrenic vein (25%). A longer time from surgery, at 3.3 ± 3.4 years, was associated with the identification of collaterals having a diameter larger than 4 mm (p < 0.01). The mean pulmonary arterial pressure was higher in those with larger compared to those with smaller collaterals (13.3 ± 2.8 versus 11.1 ± 2.0 mmHg, p < 0.01). Coils were used for occlusion of 61 vessels, and a Rashkind™ occluder for the remaining 7. After exclusion of the patients undergoing simultaneous closure of their fenestration, systemic saturation of oxygen increased from 89 ± 6% to 95 ± 3% (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Venous collateral channels are common in patients suffering progressive cyanosis in the setting of the Fontan circulation. The collaterals increase in size with time, and are associated with higher pulmonary arterial pressures. Transcatheter treatment is feasible, and results in resolution of cyanosis. Only continuing follow-up will show whether further collateralization occurs in time.
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