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The magnetic properties of Ce@C82 have been studied. The magnetic anisotropy of Ce@C82 was analyzed taking account of the crystal field of the interior C82 cage acting on Ce3+ ion. Results showed that the reduction of the susceptibility at low temperature was caused due to the antiferromagnetic coupling between Ce3+ ion and C82 cage. The magnetization measurement at several temperatures also supported the antiferromagnetic interaction at low temperature. The magnetic susceptibility larger than the calculated one was measured at higher temperatures due to the magnetic interaction between the metallofullerenes and between the particles in the crystal. The magnetization of some frozen Ce@C82 solutions was found to depend on the applied field magnitude. The dependence suggested that the magnetic anisotropy of Ce ion induced a torque to restrict the rotational motion of Ce@C82 by the field.
A structure sequence of doped fcc, bct, bcc and Rb-saturated fcc phases was observed in C70Rbx with increasing Rb concentration using x-ray-diffraction measurements. The composition of the Rb-saturated phase was estimated to be C70Rb9.4±0.4 from a weight measurement. A model for the structure of C70Rb9 is proposed. Superconductivity in each phase was checked using ac magnetic-susceptibility measurements. All these phases were nonsuperconducting down to 1.3 K.
By using Krätschmer-Huffman synthesis and HPLC separation method we have isolated a series of novel fullerenes and endohedral fullerenes. Various spectroscopic techniques, e.g., MS, NMR, UV-vis-NIR, TEM, X-ray diffraction spectrometry etc., were adopted to characterize the isolated fullerenes. Several fullerenes were revealed to hold novel structures and electronic properties. For examples, C80(D5d) was isolated and characterized to have an ellipsoidal structure which is in fact one of the shortest SW-nanotubes; The isolation of Sc2@C66 breaks the well-known isolated-pentagon-rule (IPR) for the first time, which shows that the unconventional fullerenes may be dramatically stabilized through encaging metal atoms; Sc2C2@C84 is a novel molecular endohedral fullerene in which the Sc2C2 cluster rotates rapidly along the main C2 axis of C84(D2d). This fullerene is predicted to be a molecular magnet and may be used as nano-switcher in electronics.
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