To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure email@example.com
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Although recent studies have suggested that the γ-aminobutyric acid type A (GABAA) receptor binding affinity can be a more sensitive marker of age-related neuronal loss than regional gray matter (GM) volume, knowledge about the relationship between decreased GABAA receptor binding affinity and cognitive decline during normal aging is still limited.
Thirty-seven healthy elderly individuals (aged 50–77 years (mean, 64.5 ± 7.3 years); 15 males and 22 females) were enrolled in this study. We investigated the association of the performance of the healthy elderly in the attentional function test with regional GM volume, regional cerebral bold flow (rCBF), and GABAA receptor binding affinity in the resting state by structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), arterial spin labeling (ASL), and 123I-iomazenil (IMZ) SPECT, with the analysis focusing on the bilateral inferior frontal gyri.
The score of the rapid visual information processing (RVP) test, which is used to assess visual sustained attention, showed a positive correlation with GABAA receptor binding affinity in the right inferior frontal gyrus. No significant correlation was found between RVP test score and regional GM volume or rCBF.
The findings of 123I-IMZ SPECT, but not those of structural MRI or ASL, suggest that a decreased GABAA receptor binding affinity can be a sensitive marker of cognitive impairment.
Child maltreatment is a major risk factor for psychopathology, including reactive attachment disorder (RAD).
To examine whether neural activity during reward processing was altered in children and adolescents with RAD.
Sixteen children and adolescents with RAD and 20 typically developing (TD) individuals performed tasks with high and low monetary rewards while undergoing functional magnetic resonance imaging.
Significantly reduced activity in the caudate and nucleus accumbens was observed during the high monetary reward condition in the RAD group compared with the TD group (P=0.015, family-wise error-corrected cluster level). Significant negative correlations between bilateral striatal activity and avoidant attachment were observed in the RAD and TD groups.
Striatal neural reward activity in the RAD group was markedly decreased. The present results suggest that dopaminergic dysfunction occurs in the striatum of children and adolescents with RAD, leading towards potential future risks for psychopathology.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.