To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
There has been a change in atmosphere in Scotland since the opening of the Scottish Parliament in 1999. This article describes some aspects of the country’s cultural background and the route taken to get there, as well as current trends in the Scottish library world.
The study of biofilm has been embraced by the microbiological community as it recognizes the profound effect that attachment of cells and cell populations to surfaces has upon their physiology and combined metabolic potential. Particularly, growth of microbial cells as communities, associated with interfaces, has been found to more directly address the many problems and opportunities associated with micro-organisms than do planktonic mono-culture studies. Fifteen years ago, the term ‘biofilm’ was mentioned in the abstracts and titles of approximately one scientific publication per week. Today, such citations occur every few hours and the wealth of literature captured by this umbrella term has burgeoned. The term biofilm is no longer definitive; rather it is an epithet indicative of an organism's or community's relationship to its natural habitat. Biofilm research, particularly at the community level, does not lend itself to reductionist experiments. Rather, the more one approaches the perfect experiment then the less flexible and informative it sometimes becomes! Inevitably, as the complexity of the system is increased then the range of outcomes and their interpretation broaden. In selecting the contributions to this symposium volume, we have tried not only to reflect the dynamic nature of microbial communities but also to represent the wide range of diverse disciplines that have been brought to bear on this topic. We particularly hope that the book and symposium will kindle the ‘biofilm’ spirit in the young researcher.
We would like to thank all of the contributors for their input to both the meeting and to the book, and express our sincere gratitude to Melanie Scourfield of the Society for her efficient and gentle handling of the Editors in the production of this volume.