Using a pulse electric current sintering (PECS) method, β–SiC and α–SiC powders doped with a few weight percent of Al2O3–Y2O3 oxide or Al4C3–B4C–C nonoxide additives were rapidly densified to high densities (95.2–99.7%) within less than 30 min of total processing time. When Al2O3–Y2O3 additive was used, both ceramics resulting from β–SiC and α–SiC had fine, equiaxed microstructures. In contrast, when Al4C3–B4C–C additive was used, the ceramic resulting from α–SiC had a coarse, equiaxed microstructure, whereas the ceramic resulting from β–SiC was composed of large elongated grains whose formation was accompanied by the β →?α phase transformation of SiC. Compared with the Al2O3–Y2O3-doped SiC ceramics, the Al4C3–B4C–C-doped SiC ceramics had higher densities, lower fracture toughness, and higher hardness. The fracture mode of the oxide-doped SiC was mainly intergranular, whereas the nonoxide-doped SiC exhibited almost complete intragranular fracture that was attributed to the higher interfacial bonding strength.