Peaceful Resistance. Advancing Human Rights and Democratic
Freedoms. By Robert M. Press. Aldershot, UK: Ashgate Publishing,
2006. 227p. $99.50.
The New Transnational Activism. By Sidney Tarrow. Cambridge:
Cambridge University Press, 2005. 258p. $55 cloth, $19.99 paper.
Two new books argue that recent claims asserting the power of
transnational activism have overstated the influence of those external
forces. Robert Press uses the case of Kenya to show that a domestic
culture of resistance, not donor pressure or transnational
activism, set the nation on a path toward democratization during the late
1980s and 1990s. Sidney Tarrow takes a more subtle approach by reminding
us how exceedingly difficult it is to create and maintain transnational
coalitions for social change in the first place. Whereas Press pits
domestic against international factors, Tarrow incorporates both,
theorizing a set of transnational processes to elaborate the opportunities
and challenges of organizing for social and political change across