In this work, a simple and efficient approach to design a microstrip diplexer is proposed. It is based on the combination of two compact Square Open Loop Resonator band pass filters. These filters are designed for Radio Frequency Identification application at 2.45 GHz frequency. Using the Chebychev approximation, the two filters and diplexer are designed, simulated, fabricated, and measured. The results show that the diplexer presents a high selectivity, a good insertion loss and high isolation (>40 dB) with the compact size. The diplexer also shows a good performance when associated with the patch antenna operating at 2.45 GHz.