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The current study aims to describe the Mediterranean diet (MD) adherence across the US regions, and explore the predictive factors of MD adherence among US adults.
Cross-sectional secondary data analysis. MD adherence score (0–9) was calculated using the Block 98 FFQ. Hot spot analysis was conducted to describe the geospatial distribution of MD adherence across the US regions. Logistic regression explored predictors of MD adherence.
Nationwide community-dwelling residency in the USA.
Adults aged ≥45 years (n 20 897) who participated in the REasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study and completed baseline assessment during January 2003 and October 2007.
The mean of MD adherence score was 4·36 (sd 1·70), and 46·5 % of the sample had high MD adherence (score 5–9). Higher MD adherence clusters were primarily located in the western and northeastern coastal areas of the USA, whereas lower MD adherence clusters were majorly observed in south and east-north-central regions. Being older, black, not a current smoker, having a college degree or above, an annual household income ≥ $US 75K, exercising ≥4 times/week and watching TV/video <4 h/d were each associated with higher odds of high MD adherence.
There were significant geospatial and population disparities in MD adherence across the US regions. Future studies are needed to explore the causes of MD adherence disparities and develop effective interventions for MD promotion in the USA.
The aging of any biological system results in quantifiable change which may affect the output of the system in subtle or substantial ways. Human cognitive aging is no exception and the manner in which the system, in this case the brain, is able to withstand and/or adapt to the effects of age-related physiological change will determine the individual cognitive trajectory. In this chapter, we review the emerging field of blood biomarkers of cognitive aging with a focus on specific metabolic pathways implicated in cognitive health including cellular energetics, lipid metabolism, the maintenance of redox state, and inflammation. Challenges to blood biomarker development, including methodological and inferential limitations, are also reviewed. Ultimately, blood biomarkers of age-related neurodegenerative disease and cognitive success will provide clues for how we might all age successfully, reducing health care burden on societies and improving quality of life for individuals.
Here we argue that Africa at first appears least ready for a Liberal Management Education because of the historical challenges to organizing higher education in general in Africa. But we contradict this assumption by laying out a potential African-centred management education that draws on indigenous theories and practices of oganisation as they meet global markets and global demands.
Examining the Pareto Circle of thinkers who gathered at Harvard as many disciplines were beginning to articulate themselves and their methods, we look at the interdisciplinary birth of business studies and at the case study method. We argue that this history should be remembered, taught, and utliized in new interdisciplinary pursuits by management education and management studies more generally.
Presents opening arguments for a Liberal Management Education based on a reading of the historical development of the university. Using Emmanuel Kant’s work to update the purpose of management education today.
In the conclusion we suggest that the stakes are high - that the challenges facing universities, and especially facing disciplines that remain in isolation from each other grow greater everyday and that we are entering a period of political uncertainty about higher education. We show the way Liberal Management Education creates a solidarity and a winning alternative to the crisis we face in both higher education and increasingly in our societies as a whole.
This chapter presents a case study of Queen Mary University of London and its School of Business and Management. It describes the transformation of the undergraduate curriculum into a Liberal Management Education. We discuss the importance of a public research programme as a spur to the growth of Liberal Management Education.
This chapter continues the historical investigation in subsequent decades, covering the Cold War, new interdisciplinary initiatives and hidden connections between key thinkers. We look particularly at the experimental interdisciplinarity of James March especially in light of Herbert Marcuse’s work and influences.
In this chapter we return to the present to argue for the urgency of a new approach to ethics education and to the place of ethical reasoning in the university as a whole. We note the rise of the literature of the corporate university and criticisms of the moral compass of the university that make teaching ethics to students more difficult. We suggest the deep heritage of the humanities can be brought to bear on this problem.
Engaging the work of Emmanuel Levinas this chapter introduces the importane of a Liberal Management Education to the renovation of ethics education both in business schools and in the univeristy, an argument that will be extend in a later chapter
This chapter presents a case study on Singapore Management University and its ambitious attempts to create a Liberal Management Education. It examines a key course, called the Capstone, and its curriculum. We also explore the future of Liberal Management Education at SMU and include and in depth interview with the current President of the university, Dr. Lily Kong.