Three sequential-sampling plans were developed for adult Diabrotica barberi Smith and Lawrence and D. virgifera virgifera LeConte in field corn in southern Ontario. The distribution of both species was well approximated by the negative binomial distribution and obeyed Taylor’s power law. Two plans, following the methods of Kuno (1969) and Green (1970), estimated populations with predetermined precision. The third plan, based on Wald’s (1947) sequential probability ratio test, categorized populations relative to an economic threshold. Different sequential-sampling plans were constructed for 1st-year fields and for all other fields because the parameter k, measuring the extent of aggregation of the beetles, differed between these two classes of fields. Decision equations for Wald’s plan in 1st-year fields were: D1 = 0.98n − 17.75 and D2 = 0.98n + 13.82. Decision equations for 2nd-year or older fields were: D1 = 0.99n − 13.42 and D2 = 0.99n + 10.45. The use of Wald’s plan reduced the required sample size by 55% in 1st-year fields, and by 48% in all other fields. The savings associated with the other sequential-sampling plans were not significant.