Transient enhanced diffusion (TED) and electrical activation (EA) of ion-implanted boron during rapid thermal annealing has been investigated using three types of boron doped p-type Si (100) substrates: (a) Cz 20 Ωcm, (b) 3 μm thick 20 Ωcm epitaxial Si layer (epi-layer) grown on a 20 Ωcm Cz substrate, and (c) 3 μm thick 20 Ωcm epi-layer grown on a 5 mΩcin Fz substrate. The level of oxygen is known to decrease from material type (a) to (c). The samples were implanted with 20 keV, 5×1013 cm−2 boron and subjected to rapid thermal annealing (RTA) at various temperatures and times. The EA and TED were studied using spreading resistance profiling (SRP) and secondary ion mass spectrometry (SIMS), respectively. Although the amount of TED is almost identical for the three substrates, the EA is found to be significantly higher in the epi-layers compared to Cz substrates. It is speculated that the trapping of vacancies by oxygen in the ion-damaged region leads to an increase in the interstitial supersaturation during annealing, which then results in enhanced boron clustering and reduced electrical activation in the peak of the implanted profile.