Lately, the investigations of binders from ternary system Portland cement (PC), calcium aluminate cement (CAC) and calcium sulfate (
), have gone through a larger stage of development due to their special properties such as fast setting and rapid hardening, early strength, non-efflorescence, etc. These special properties are ensured by the binder’s microstructure, developed through hydration processes and reactions between hydrate components, which allows us to use them in special environments (aggressive environments with very low or very high level of pH, environments with high temperature, etc.). The binders from this system were simply named “dry mortars”, and provide the final user with an easy processing. In order to explain the mechanical behavior of the specimens exposed in normal curing conditions (T = 20 ± 2 °C and R.H. ≈ 95%), and with different percentages of calcium sulfate (added as hemihydrate or anhydrite), research on the microstructure of the hardened system was performed using SEM and XRD investigation techniques. The analyses have been performed on the binder pastes, hydrated for 1 and 28 days. The tests results showed that the specimen with anhydrous
content had the best mechanical behavior.