Two weevil species, Ceutorhynchus geographicus (Goeze) and C. larvatus Schultze, feed on Echium plantagineum (Boraginaceae) in southern France. This paper shows that they do not compete for resources in the host's native environment. Niche overlaps of the two weevils were measured using the proportional overlap measure and Morisita's original index. The two species showed significant overlap in niche requirements during the egg and early larval stage. During the final two larval instars, larvae feed on different parts of the plant, C. geographicus in the tap root and C. larvatus in the root crown. Spatial separation in niche requirements is augmented by a temporal separation, C. larvatus emerging in the field about one month earlier than C. geographicus. In Europe and in Australia, to which E. plantagineum has been introduced and has become a serious weed, the host-plant has an extended germination period during the autumn. The differences in emergence times of the two species mean that their niches are separated both in time and in space. Should the two species be released into Australia they would not compete for resources. They may, however, be able to displace other species of the stemfeeding guild that are also proposed as candidates for the biological control of E. plantagineum.