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This chapter presents the double-Headed analysis of relative clauses and argues for a pre-nominal merger of relative clauses on the basis of the general left-right asymmetry found in the languages of the world.
This chapter considers certain special issues, from the case of split or coordinated Heads, to a selective extraction from complex NPs, to a particular construction knows as 'double dependence', which is attested in a number of languages.
This chapter applies the double-Headed analysis to the different types of relative clauses attested cross-linguistically (Externally Headed Post-nominal, Externally Headed Pre-nominal, Internally Headed, Double-Headed, Headless (or ‘Free’), Correlative, and Adjoined).
This chapter applies the double-Headed analysis to other types of relative clauses (nonrestrictive, kind-defining, infinitive, participial,ecc.) showing that the same configuration, modulo certain independent differences stemming from their different merge position, is appropriate to account for their properties.
This chapter summarizes the main results stemming from the double-Headed analysis of relative clauses proposed in this volume, with particular reference to the unification of all the attested relative clause types.
Relative clauses play a hugely important role in analysing the structure of sentences. This book provides the first evidence that a unified analysis of the different types of relative clauses is possible - a step forward in our understanding. Using careful analyses of a wide range of languages, Cinque argues that the relative clause types can all be derived from a single, double-headed, structure. He also presents evidence that restrictive, maximalizing, ('integrated') non-restrictive, kind-defining, infinitival and participial RCs merge at different heights of the nominal extended projection. This book provides an elegant generalization about the structure of all relatives. Theoretically profound and empirically rich, it promises to radically alter the way we think about this subject for years to come.
Guglielmo Cinque is one of the world's leading theoretical syntacticians, and is particularly known for his application of recent theory to the analysis of Italian. This volume brings together ten of Professor Cinque's essays, some of which are published here for the first time, and some of which have not hitherto been easily available. They explore a wide range of aspects of Italian syntax, including the grammar of relative and 'pseudo-relative' clauses in the complement of perception verbs, impersonal si constructions, and the position and argument structure of adjectives in the noun phrase. The volume considers the implications of Cinque's work on Italian syntax for generative grammar more broadly, and compares Italian with the syntax of other Romance and also Germanic languages. It will be welcomed by all those working on Italian syntax, and on theoretical syntax generally.