In 1986, eight years after he had published his Luther's House of Learning, Gerald Strauss published his Law, Resistance, and the State, his second major attempt to deal with the emergence, nature, and functioning of the early modern territorial state in the Holy Roman Empire. This significant contribution to the interconnection of law and the Reformation deserves the attention of all who are committed to the study of both subjects. As far as I know, the book has not been examined in terms of these two subjects, though it is now available for some time. The following observations deal, therefore, with the book as a whole, especially problems of method, and in this connection the emphasis is on the opposition to Roman law. And then Strauss's view of the Reformation and its connection with the opposition to Roman law will be discussed. But first a brief view of the book.