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To assess the association of diet-related practices and BMI with diet quality in rural adults aged ≥74 years.
Cross-sectional. Dietary quality was assessed by the twenty-five-item Dietary Screening Tool (DST). Diet-related practices were self-reported. Multivariate linear regression models were used to analyse associations of DST scores with BMI and diet-related practices after controlling for gender, age, education, smoking and self- v. proxy reporting.
Geisinger Rural Aging Study (GRAS) in Pennsylvania, USA.
A total of 4009 (1722 males, 2287 females; mean age 81·5 years) participants aged ≥74 years.
Individuals with BMI < 18·5 kg/m2 had a significantly lower DST score (mean 55·8, 95 % CI 52·9, 58·7) than those individuals with BMI = 18·5–24·9 kg/m2 (mean 60·7, 95 % CI 60·1, 61·5; P = 0·001). Older adults with higher, more favourable DST scores were significantly more likely to be food sufficient, report eating breakfast, have no chewing difficulties and report no decline in intake in the previous 6 months.
The DST may identify potential targets for improving diet quality in older adults including promotion of healthy BMI, breakfast consumption, improving dentition and identifying strategies to decrease concern about food sufficiency.
The atmospheric-pressure chemical vapor deposition of gallium nitride films from hexakis(dimethylamido)digallium, Ga2(NMe2)6, and ammonia precursors at 200 °C with growth rates up to 1000 Å/min is described. The films were characterized by transmission electron microscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and Rutherford backscattering spectrometry. Rutherford backscattering analysis showed that the N/Ga ratio was 1.12–1.17. The films were crystalline with ≃ 5–15 nm crystallites.
Substituted β-diketonate complexes of barium have limited volatility even at reduced pressures. The addition of nitrogen Lewis bases to the CVD carrier gas allows barium β-diketonates, even those with no reported volatility, to be transported in the vapor phase at temperatures as low as 70°C (atmospheric pressure) with no decomposition. No increase in volatility is observed, however, for barium carboxylate complexes.
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