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Exercise addiction (EA) is probably the most ‘hidden’ of the behavioural addictions. In a society in which a fit body is normally considered to be a symptom of a healthy lifestyle and success, the assessment and treatment of a maladaptive and health-threatening pattern of exercise may be challenging for healthcare professionals. Furthermore, the lack of guidance and literature on the topic may represent an additional complication on the diagnostic and therapeutic pathway. Although EA is not included in the DSM-5, it is mandatory to inform clinicians about it, as well as other healthcare providers (e.g., psychotherapists, physiotherapists), in order to better identify early signs of such an addiction and prevent injuries or other serious effects on physical or mental health. This chapter provides information on the aetiological basis of EA as well as a compendium of psychological and pharmacological interventions.
Bersani G, Clemente R, Gherardelli S, Bersani FS, Manuali G. Obstetric complications and neurological soft signs in male patients with schizophrenia.
Objective: The study investigated the relationship between neurological soft signs (NSS) and obstetric complications (OCs) in patients with schizophrenia.
Methods: Sixty-three male patients with schizophrenia were divided into two subgroups, based on the OCs presence or absence, which were compared in relation to NSS prevalence. After that, a Person's correlation test was performed to explore the correlation between NSS and OCs severity.
Results: The subgroup with OCs showed more NSS, but there were not significant correlations between NSS and OCs severity.
Conclusions: It seems that any OC, without distinction in typology and severity, could unspecifically impair the neurodevelopment and inducing NSS expression. Our findings confirm the hypothesis that neurodevelopment alterations, such as those probably induced by OCs, can contribute to a premorbid brain dysfunctional state expressed by NSS.
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