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A simple method is reported for the synthesis of monodispersed HfO2 nanoparticles by the ammonia catalyzed hydrolysis and condensation of hafnium (IV) tert-butoxide in the presence of surfactants at room temperature. Transmission electron microscopy shows faceted nanoparticles with an average diameter of 3-4 nm. As-synthesized nanoparticles are amorphous in nature and crystallize upon moderate heat treatment. The HfO2 nanoparticles have a narrow size distribution, large specific surface area and good thermal stability. Specific surface area was about 239 m2/g on as-prepared nanoparticle samples while those annealed at 500 °C have specific surface area of 221 m2/g indicating that there was no significant increase in particle size. This result was further confirmed by TEM images of nanoparticles annealed at 300 °C and 500 °C. X-ray diffraction studies of the crystallized nanoparticles revealed that HfO2 nanoparticles were monoclinic in structure. The synthetic procedure used in this work can be readily modified for large scale production of monodispersed HfO2 nanoparticles.
Monodispersed nickel oxide nanoparticles have been synthesized using solution combustion synthesis method. Size of the nanoparticles was controlled by varying different reaction parameters such as reaction temperature and reaction time. Structure and morphology of the nanoparticles were investigated using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. BET surface area of 99.7 m2/g was obtained for the nanoparticles synthesized at 300 °C. A decrease in surface area was observed with increase in reaction temperature. The nanoparticles were compacted using spark plasma sintering technique at 950 °C and thermal conductivity was studied on compacted sample. Significant decrease in thermal conductivity was observed for nanoparticles in compared to their bulk counter-part.
We report the effects of HfO2 nanoparticles as inclusion to the Zr0.5Hf0.5Ni0.8Pd0.2Sn0.99Sb0.01 half-Heusler matrix on the thermoelectric properties. X-ray powder diffraction and transmission electron microscopy were employed for the phase identification and microstructure characterization of the composites. The transport properties are mainly discussed with regards to the microstructure details.
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