To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
To describe the rate of infection, associated organisms, and potential risk factors for ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) in patients receiving mechanical ventilation at home.
Retrospective cohort study.
University-affiliated home care service.
Patients receiving mechanical ventilation at home from June 1995 through December 2001.
Fifty-seven patients underwent ventilation at home for a total of 50,762 ventilator-days (mean ± SD, 890.6 ± 644.43 days; range, 76-2,458 days). Seventy-nine episodes of VAP occurred in 27 patients (rate, 1.55 episodes per 1,000 ventilator-days). The first episode of VAP occurred after a mean (±SD) of 245 ± 318.07 ventilator-days. VAP was most common during the first 500 days of ventilation. Rates of VAP were higher among patients who required ventilation for longer daily durations, compared with those who required it for shorter daily durations. There was no association of VAP with age, sex, underlying disease, reason for ventilation, antacid therapy, or steroid use. Microorganisms isolated from 33 episodes of VAP with available culture results included Pseudomonas species (17 isolates), Staphylococcus aureus (11), Serratia species (7), and Stenotrophomonas species (5). Eight patients died during the study; no deaths were attributed to pneumonia.
Although the organisms associated with VAP in the home setting are similar to those associated with hospital-acquired VAP, the incidence and mortality is much lower in the home care setting. Interventions to reduce the risk of VAP among patients receiving home care should be focused on patients who require ventilation for longer daily durations or who are new to receiving mechanical ventilation at home.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.