An integrated programme of batch sorption experiments and mathematical modelling has been carried out to study the sorption of plutonium and americium on a series of repository, backfill and geological materials relevant to the JNFL low-level radioactive waste repository at Rokkasho-Mura.
The sorption of plutonium and americium on samples of concrete, mortar, sand/bentonite, tuff, sandstone and cover soil has been investigated. In addition, specimens of bitumen, cation and anion exchange resins, and polyester were chemically degraded. The resulting degradation product solutions, alongside solutions of humic and iso-saccharinic acids were used to study the effects on plutonium sorption onto concrete, sand/bentonite and sandstone.
The sorption behaviour of plutonium and americium has been modelled using the geochemical speciation program HARPHRQ in conjunction with the HATCHES database.