Combining Bisphophonates (BPs) and Calcium Phosphate Cement (CPC) to form a new medical device for the local treatment of Osteoporosis is a promising challenge. Our formulation was optimized from an apatitic-type CPC and we have shown that the best solution consists in introducing the bisphosphonate (Alendronate) in the calcium deficient apatite (CDA), a solid component of the cement, through a chemical exchange reaction. The cement obtained was characterized by
P NMR and high frequency impedance for monitoring the CPC setting. The presence of Alendronate in the cement was also demonstrated by
P NMR which has been also used to characterize the chemical transformation of α-TCP (main component of the apatitic cement) during the setting process. BP absorption/desorption experiments have been realized on cement blocks, under continuous flow condition, to model the release profile of the Alendronate. In vivo experiments showed promising results in terms of resorbability of the Alendronate–loaded cement while promoting new bone formation. The same methodology is considered to introduce gallium, a potential inhibitor of osteoclastic resorption, in a CPC formulation. First experiments have shown that gallium can be incorporated in calcium phosphate ceramics (i.e. β-TCP) where gallium is part of the network.