1. The effect of feeding casein, lactalbumin, soya-bean protein, gluten or gelatin on hepatic lipogenesis and the levels of hepatic fatty acid synthetase (FAS), glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (EC 1. 1. 1.49; G6PD), malic enzyme (EC 1. 1. 1.40; ME) ATP-citrate lyase (EC 4. 1. 3. 8; CL), acetyl CoA carboxylase (EC 220.127.116.11; ACCx) and glucokinase (EC 2. 7. 1. 2; GK) was examined in young growing rats.
2. The total activities of ACCx, FAS, CL, GK, G6PD, GK, ME and fatty acid synthesis in vivo were positively correlated with protein quality.
3. The specific activities of ACCx, FAS, CL, G6PD and fatty acid synthesis in vivo were positively correlated with protein quality.
4. The specific activities of GK and ME were unrelated to protein quality.
5. The results demonstrate a dissociation between ME and hepatic lipogenesis and suggest a role for the NADPH generated by ME which is not related to the needs of fatty acid synthesis.