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Texture is defined by the measured polar figure (PF) obtained from the integrated intensity of diffracted X-rays. The integrated intensity can be affected both by the pole density (PD) and by the phenomenon of extinction that reduces the PD and cannot be avoided. PF does not contain information about grain microstructure, but parameters of the primary and secondary extinction are related to the crystal microstructural features. Recently an original X-ray diffraction method was proposed for correction of PD and separation and determination of the primary and secondary extinction parameters for characterization of textured aluminum samples. This problem was solved using some assumptions. The parameter of the primary extinction can be used for calculation of domain size. The secondary extinction parameter is related to the average domain disorientation angle that depends on dislocation density in domain boundaries. Extinction parameters were used for microstructure evaluation of cold rolled nickel with and without annealing at 600°C. The validity of the proposed assumption for nickel samples was evaluated in terms of the extinction length. The corrected pole density and the parameters of primary and secondary extinction were calculated using the first order reflection for two different wavelengths (Cu and Co) and the second order reflection for one of the used wavelengths. In annealed samples the primary and secondary extinction were presented simultaneously. According to the obtained parameters of extinction the microstructure of textured nickel was evaluated.
X ray diffraction (XRD) is the common technique for texture analysis by means of pole figure (PF) measurement. PF reflects the grains orientation distribution but contains no information about grain microstructure. The reflected intensity can be affected by the extinction phenomenon that reduces the pole density (PD). The parameters of extinction are related to the crystal microstructure. The parameter of the primary extinction is connected with domain size and parameter of the secondary extinction is related to the angle of domains disorientation that depends on dislocation density in domain boundary. An original XRD method is proposed for correction of PD, considering extinction phenomenon, and separation of the extinction parameters in the case of textured aluminum. The problem is solved under some assumptions. In the present work cold rolled nickel with and without annealing at 600 °C is investigated. The validity of the proposed assumptions for Ni is evaluated in terms of the extinction length. The corrected PD in the maximum of PF and the parameters of the primary and secondary extinction are calculated using the first order reflection for Cu Kα- and Co Kα- radiations and the second order reflection for one of the used wavelengths. Both in cold rolled sample without annealing and in the annealed sample the primary and secondary extinctions are present simultaneously. According to the obtained parameters of extinction the microstructure of textured nickel is evaluated and their modification at the annealing process is demonstrated.
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