Introduction. Pitaya peel has been applied as a functional
ingredient for food due to the presence of betacyanins. However its polysaccharides can
also contribute as a texture agent for food. The aim of this work was to evaluate the
chemical characteristics and rheological behavior of the pitaya peel. Materials and
methods. The samples were analyzed with regard to moisture and mineral content,
protein, lipids, sugar, fiber, vitamin C, titratable acidity, soluble solids content and
pH. Rheological measurements were performed on rheometer through flow curve, stress sweep,
frequency sweep and the variation of temperature. Results and discussion. The
results showed that pitaya peel is rich in insoluble fibers and exhibits non-Newtonian
behavior, characteristic of a strong gel with a predominance of solid character.
Furthermore, samples showed thermal resistance at the conditions of frequency, tension and
temperature analyzed. Conclusion. Considering our results, in addition to use
as a natural colorant in food, pitaya peel can also contribute to the nutritional value
and texture of the products.