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The VISCACHA (VIsible Soar photometry of star Clusters in tApii and Coxi HuguA†) Survey is an ongoing project based on deep and spatially resolved photometric observations of Magellanic Cloud star clusters, collected using the SOuthern Astrophysical Research (SOAR) telescope together with the SOAR Adaptive Module Imager. So far we have used >300h of telescope time to observe ∼150 star clusters, mostly with low mass (M < 104M⊙) on the outskirts of the LMC and SMC. With this high-quality data set, we homogeneously determine physical properties using deep colour-magnitude diagrams (ages, metallicities, reddening, distances, mass, luminosity and mass functions) and structural parameters (radial density profiles, sizes) for these clusters which are used as a proxy to investigate the interplay between the Magellanic Clouds and their evolution. We present the VISCACHA survey and its initial results, based on our first two papers. The project’s long term goals and expected legacy to the community are also addressed.
Based on the nature of the links and interactions existing at the hybrid interface, hybrid materials can be broadly classified in two main designations: a) Hybrid compounds Class I, that include all systems with electrostatic forces, hydrogen bonding or Van der Waals interactions and b) Hybrid compounds Class II, showing that the inorganic and organic components are linked through strong covalent or ionic-covalent bonds. The physico–chemical properties of nanostructured copolymer acrylates based on butyl acrylate (BA), methyl methacrylate (MMA) and acrylic acid (AA) has been investigated employing un-modified SiO2 (Class I) and modified SiO2 particles (Class II) using 3-(trimethoxysilyl) propyl methacrylate (MPS) as compatibilizing agent. The synthesis was carried out using seeded batch emulsion polymerization system. Metastable nanostructured emulsions containing 1 wt% nanoparticles were obtained. Films casted from the in-situ nanostructured latex exhibited excellent optical transparency suggesting good nanoparticles dispersion. However, the mechanical properties showed by SiO2-MPS nanocomposite, are better than the Class I hybrid compounds. Therefore, SiO2-MPS surface treatment prior to polymerization enhances the physical properties of copolymer BA-MMA-AA film. The mass loss derivative traces for the polyacrylic nanocomposites and the neat polymer obtained by thermogravimetric analysis showed that the onset temperature for thermal decomposition was shifted towards a higher temperature than the neat polyacrylic, indicating the enhancement of thermal stability of the un-modified SiO2 nanocomposite. However, there is a decrease of 40°C in the decomposition temperature for the modified polyacrylic nanocomposite. The results obtained so far have shown that weak Van der Waals and H-bonding interactions may be sufficient to enable improvement of the physical properties of the acrylate nanocomposites.
The field of composites materials has evolved from the use of traditional fillers (e.g. carbon and glass fibers) to nanoscale fillers that add unique and often multifunctional properties to the neat polymer. Because nanoparticles have extremely high surface to volume ratios, that alter the mobility of polymer chains near their interfaces, even a small addition of nanoparticles. These components have the potential to drastically transform the properties of the host polymers. While the last decade has observed several advances in the field of nanocomposites, some recent reviews have made it clear that definitive structure-property relationships are insufficient in the literature. The influence of inorganic TiO2 nanoparticles on the dynamic mechanical properties and microstructure of copolymer based on Butyl acrylate - Methyl methacrylate - Acrylic Acid has been investigated. The mechanical relaxations of the reinforced copolymer/TiO2 composites were studied under tension mode. Addition of TiO2 nanoparticles to acrylic copolymer produced a decrease in the glass transition temperature. Dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA) showed that the local motions associated with the alpha-transition (40°C) are enhanced as the frequency of oscillation increases, i.e. the tan d maximum increases at higher frequencies. The addition of TiO2 nanoparticles reduces significantly the strength of the alpha-transition. Thus, the cooperative molecular motions involving segments of the molecular chains associated with the alpha-transition were compromised by the presence of TiO2 nanoparticles resulting in a decrement of the storage modulus.
Influenza vaccination has been shown to be the most effective preventive strategy to reduce influenza-related morbidity and mortality in high-risk groups. Despite healthcare personnel (HCP) being considered part of such high-risk groups, their vaccination coverage is low in Europe. In January 2012, we distributed an 18-question survey regarding influenza vaccination to HCP at Gregorio Marañon Paediatric Hospital, in Madrid, Spain. After we documented that only ~30% of HCP were vaccinated an educational programme was implemented in October 2012 before the next influenza season. In January 2013, the same survey delivered again to all HCP documented a significant increase in vaccination rates (from 30% to 40%, P = 0·007) mainly among physicians and for patients' protection. In summary we found that a simple and inexpensive educational programme significantly improved the uptake of influenza vaccination in HCP in our centre. Nevertheless, vaccination rates remained low, and broader and updated campaigns are needed to overcome perception barriers.
The aim is to describe the experience of treatment with Paliperidone Palmitate long acting injection (PP) in patients with psychotic active clinic, whether diagnoses with schizophrenia or in patients with the first episode psychosis, as well as to reflect the improvement in the control of the symptoms that the patients can improve increasing the dose.
We have done a descriptive study of 34 patients hospitalized in psychiatry between January and July 2015 for psychotic active clinic who started treatment with PP or the previous dose was increased.
91.2% of patients admitted for acute exacerbation of their usual pathology and 8.8% for a first episode psychosis. In the CGI scale, all the patients admitted scored as severe or markedly ill; going mostly mildly ill at discharge. For 55.9% of patients, the treatment was changed to PP, 29.4% of the dose was increased PP and 14.7% antipsychotic treatment was started with PP. Among patients change treatment, the main reason was non-adherence (47.4%). 70.6% of our patients were discharged with PP as only antipsychotic and 29.4% which was discharged with another antipsychotic, the most frequent association was of PP with Quetiapine (80%).
PP is a highly effective medicament in the treatment of the schizophrenia that improves the adherence to the treatment, so in our experience and we consider it a medicament to be considered in the early stages of the disease. According to our experience and there are patients who can benefit from better control of symptoms adjusting the dose individually.
Disclosure of interest
The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.
The treatment of psychosis in the elderly should ensure effectiveness and avoid side effects from combination therapy. Long acting antipsychotic as paliperidone palmitate facilitates this work. Furthermore, STOPP-START criteria, first published in 2008 (in Spanish in 2009), are being adopted as reference criteria throughout Europe. The Spanish version of the new 2014 edition is also recently published . A descriptive study of a total of 53 institutionalized patients in psychogeriatric residence (> 60 to 97 years) with psychotic disorder diagnosis and treatment with various neuroleptics is done. In total, 26.4% of the sample admitted to treatment with three different antipsychotics, and 47.1% with combination of two antipsychotics. Only 26.4% worked with antipsychotic monotherapy. In these patients, treatment with paliperidone palmitate starts or sets the previous dose. A CGI scale is applied after six months of treatment. Antipsychotic monotherapy in 66.66% of patients on neuroleptic combination therapy was achieved, so that 75% of the sample currently maintains monotherapy with paliperidone palmitate. The paliperidone palmitate has shown effectiveness in the symptomatic control and reducing the risk of inapropiate prescribing in older patients with psicosis. The paliperidone palmitate allows antipsychotic monotherapy in the psychogeriatric patient with severe mental illness polymedicated as the STOPP-START criteria recommends.
Reference not available.
Disclosure of interest
The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.
Parasomnias are a category of sleep disorders in which abnormal events occur during sleep, due to inappropriately timed activation of physiological systems.
we report the case of a 41-year-old female who has no psychiatric history. The patient went to emergency department because when she was starting to sleep, in the first state of sleep, she felts a sensation of paralysis in all her body, with incapacity for breathing, chest oppression and tactile hallucinations like something or someone was touching her entire body. Due to that, the patient awoke frightened, with high levels of anxiety, with heart palpitations, shortness of breath, trembling, choking feeling, sweating, nausea and fear of dying. When the patient arrived to the emergency department, she was suffering a panic attack, thinking that she could have some kind of neurological disease or she was suffering a heart attack. after treating the panic attack with 1 mg of lorazepam, all the symptoms subsided gradually.
in this case report, we present a patient with a new-onset parasomnia, with hypnagogic hallucinations and a panic attack at the awakening. It is known that stress factors are closely associated with parasomnias, as we can see in this case because the patient was moving and she was sleeping in a new place.
Parasomnias are very frequently present in general population and they can trigger intense anxiety status that can lead to panic attacks.
Disclosure of interest
The authors have not supplied their declaration of competing interest.
We have carried out photometry and spectroscopy on a sample of 10 cD galaxies. The photometry shows, in general, fairly flat and red profile colours, implying an envelope with the same stellar population as the central galaxy. This may indicate a possible primordial origin for both structures, consistent with ideas of downsizing. Preliminary spectroscopic results are generally in agreement with the photometry, with for example younger populations at large radii for A2199, but A2589 has only younger populations.
Wolf-Rayet HII galaxies are local metal-poor star-forming galaxies, observed when the most massive stars are evolving from O stars to WR stars, making them template systems to study distant starbursts. We have been performing a program to investigate the interplay between massive stars and gas in WR HII galaxies using IFS. Here, we highlight some results from the first 3D spectroscopic study of Mrk 178, the closest metal-poor WR HII galaxy, focusing on the origin of the nebular HeII emission and the aperture effects on the detection of WR features.
Collagen-covered prostheses can be used as a non-circumferential segmental tracheal replacement. However, the applicability of these implants in young subjects has not yet been reported.
In this experimental, longitudinal study, dogs aged 29–32 days underwent limited segmental tracheal replacement with a polyester prosthesis or were allocated to a control, untreated group. The dogs were evaluated clinically, endoscopically and tomographically for up to one year.
Although there was evidence of tracheal growth in the experimental group, tomographic measurements were significantly smaller in this group than in the control group throughout the observation period. At the end of the study, there was no evidence of implant rejection, stenosis or collapse. Normal respiratory epithelium had grown across the implanted membrane in the experimental group.
The homologous collagen mersylene membrane allowed for limited structural tracheal growth and was functionally integrated into the segmented tracheal wall in growing dogs.
Networks of protected areas are one of the main strategies used to address the biodiversity crisis. These should encompass as many species and ecosystems as possible, particularly in territories with high biological diversity, such as the Spanish arid zones. We produce a priority ranking of the arid zones of south-east Spain according to the rarity and richness of their characteristic flora and the level of endangerment. The resulting hierarchy shows that optimal zones for the preservation of the flora are located outside the network of protected areas. In particular, it is important to extend the network and encourage the creation of microreserves in the depression of the River Guadiana Menor (Granada), where there is least protection. This river valley is a particularly important arid site because of its unique flora and fauna, and palaeontological and archaeological findings.
Introduction. México is one
of the most important producers and exporters of blackberries in
the world. During postharvest handling, blackberry fruits are exposed
to the attack of phytopathogenic fungi. Materials and methods.
To obtain Rhizopus stolonifer isolates, samples
of leaves and rhizospheric soils were placed on Petri plates containing
Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA). In addition, fruits were also placed
in humidity chambers at 25 °C. To describe the infection process
on blackberry fruits by Rhizopus stolonifer, samples
were taken at different intervals for a period of 72 h. All fungal
isolates obtained were maintained on PDA. The bacterial colonies
were isolated and purified by streaking on PDA. The antagonistic
activity of the bacteria was assessed against R. stolonifer by
dual culture technique on PDA. To detect the production of siderophores,
the chrome azurol S assay was carried out. Results.
The infection process of R. stolonifer on blackberry
fruits was described for the first time in this work. Eighty-six
bacterial isolates from different parts of the plant and rhizospheric
soil were obtained. Bacterial isolates with antagonistic activity
were identified and the production of siderophores was measured.
Four isolates showed antagonistic activity against R. stolonifer.
Bacillus subtilis obtained from soil was the most
effective isolate. Conclusion. In this study we isolated
and identified antagonistic bacteria with potential for biocontrol
on Rhizopus stolonifer obtained from blackberry fruits.
To our knowledge this is the first report regarding this topic.
We present a technique to detect Ultra-Faint Dwarf Galaxies (UFDs) in the Galactic Halo, using sky and proper motion information.The method uses wavelet transforms to detect peaks in the sky and proper motion planes, and to evaluate the probability of these being stochastic fluctuations. We aim to map thoroughly the detection limits of this technique. For this, we have produced a library of 15,000 synthetic UFDs, embedded in the Gaia Universe Model Snapshot (GUMS) background (Robin et al. 2012), each at a different distance, different luminosity, half-light radius, velocity dispersion and center-of-mass velocity, varying in ranges that extend well beyond those spanned by known classical and ultra-faint dSphs. We use these synthetic UFDs as a benchmark to characterize the completeness and detection limits of our technique, and present our results as a function of different physical and observable parameters of the UFDs (see full poster for more details at https://gaia.ub.edu/Twiki/pub/GREATITNFC/ProgramFinalconference/Poster_UFGX_Bcn_C_Mateu.pdf).
Bismuth is an element obtained as a sub-product in lead production; Mexico occupies the second position in the world in production of this element. Bismuth is used as iron, aluminum and copper alloying, in the pharmaceutical industry, in the cosmetics industry, etc. Bismuth is separated from lead by the Kroll-Betterton Process in which a Ca-Mg alloy is added to the melting lead to form the intermetallic compounds Ca3Bi2, Mg3Bi2 and Ca2MgBi2 which float to the surface of the bath. Unfortunately, there is little thermodynamical information of the compounds of the system Ca-Mg-Bi which can be used to study and optimize the Kroll-Betterton process in a theoretical way. In this work there were synthesized the compounds Ca3Bi2, Mg3Bi2 and CaMg2Bi2 using powders of pure elements (Ca, Mg and Bi) in the required amounts and melted under an inert atmosphere. After synthesis, the samples were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction to ensure the formation of the desire compounds. Later, calorimetric technique was used to determine the thermodynamical properties of the compounds. The results obtained by X-Ray Diffraction show the formation of Mg3Bi2 and Mg2CaBi2 species; however, there is no crystallographic information of the compound Ca3Bi2. The heating curves obtained by calorimetry show endothermic peaks, due to the presence of phases changes as is indicated in the Ca-Bi, Mg-Bi and Ca-Mg-Bi phases diagrams.
The synthesis of mullite from kaolin clay and two precursors of aluminum: α-Al2O3 and Al(NO3)3 was investigated. In order to study the temperature effect, the system kaolin-α-Al2O3 was calcined in air in a range of 1200 to 1500°C, for 2 h. For the system kaolin-Al(NO3)3, the combustion method was employed, using urea as fuel, and calcined in air at 1500°C for 2 h. The products were characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electronic microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive spectroscopy and particle size analysis in order to analyze and compare their morphology and structure. The crystallographic study revealed an incomplete reaction between the kaolin and the α-Al2O3. Nevertheless, in the system kaolin-Al(NO3)3, it was obtained mullite with high purity and trace amounts of cristobalite.
Silicon nanoparticles of 100 nm obtained by high-energy ball milling were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD) and transmission electronic microscopy (TEM). Results show dark areas due to a staking of defects. On the other hand, brighter areas exhibit a combination of small crystalline and amorphous zones. To fulfill and cover the micro-cracking and micro-pores generated during the welding process of 304 stainless steels joined by brazing, these nanoparticles were deposited directly in the fracture. The amorphous silicon drove the Transient Liquid Phase (TLP) at 1000°C for 20 min. This amorphous silicon decreases the energies of reaction between the substrate and melting filler. TLP increases the wettability and capillary forces between micro-cracking and micro-pores; due to that, the eutectic phase contained by the melting filler forms a liquid. Moreover, the weld beads were characterized by Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) to analyze the effect of silicon nanoparticles on the weld beads. These results showed that the interaction of the Si nanoparticles with metallic filler in the melting zone decreases the size and change the morphology of the present phases as well as the zone of isothermic growth.
Zirconia nanopowders doped with different concentrations of Eu were prepared by the solgel method followed by a thermal treatment at 500°C. Morphological and crystallographic characteristics were studied by scanning electron microscopy, X-Ray diffraction and UV spectroscopoy. Results showed a modification of the size of nanopowder particles when the concentration of Eu is increased from 0.0 to 4.0 wt%. Also, at lower concentration of Eu the tetragonal ZrO2 is the most abundant phase while high concentrations of Eu lead to the formation of the monoclinic phase. The UV spectroscopy of ZrO2 samples shows two main absorption peaks at 228 and 214 nm. The novel characteristics of the ZrO2 nanopowders doped with Eu allow us to propose them for use as solar UV radiation detectors.