The fungus, Duddingtonia flagrans, is able to trap and kill free-living nematode larvae of the cattle parasite Cooperia oncophora when chlamydospores are mixed in cattle faeces. Isolates of Bacillus subtilis (two isolates), Pseudomonas spp. (three isolates) and single isolates of the fungal genera Alternaria, Cladosporium, Fusarium, Trichoderma and Verticillium were isolated from cattle faeces and shown to reduce D. flagrans growth on agar plates. When these isolates were added to cattle faeces containing D. flagrans and nematode larvae of C. oncophora, developing from eggs, none of the isolates reduced nematode mortality attributed to D. flagrans. Similarly, the coprophilic fungus Pilobolus kleinii, which cannot be cultivated on agar, also failed to suppress the ability of D. flagrans to trap and kill developing larvae of C. oncophora. Increasing chlamydospore doses of D. flagrans in faecal cultures resulted in higher nematode mortality. Thus, no evidence of interspecific or intraspecific competition was observed. The consequences of these findings are discussed.