Preferences of Maruca vitrata (Fabricius) (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae) larvae to flowers, flower buds and pods of three different varieties of cowpea (IT 82E-666, IT 82D-716 and Botokpoyi) were studied in the laboratory using a four-branched olfactometer. For each plant part, fourth instars of M. vitrata were individually exposed to a set of three odours obtained from the cowpea varieties with pure air serving as the control. Movements of the larvae in the exposure chamber were followed at two levels of choice. Results from the first level of choice showed that the attractiveness of a particular plant part to M. vitrata larvae was not significantly influenced by variety. At the second level of choice a weakly significant preference was found for flowers (P = 0.1218) compared to pods (P = 0.7530) and flower buds (P = 0.6172). In all cases, no significant difference was found between the control (pure air) and the varieties.