Two experiments were carried out in which calves reared parasite-free were infected with a single dose of 3rd-stage larvae of Cooperia oncophora. In the first experiment the calves received 20000 or 200000 infective larvae and they were autopsied 28 or 56 days after the infection. In the second experiment the doses were the same but the animals were killed 14, 84 or 140 days after infection. If a dose of 20000 was given, clinical signs were never observed, while at a dose level of 200000 the weight gain was less on 56 and 84 days after the infection compared with the low-infected groups or the control animals. After 140 days the differences in weight gain were compensated. Faecal egg output was higher in the 200000 groups only in the first period of patency, thereafter the calves in the 20000 groups produced more. No obvious differences between the two infection levels were observed with regard to the haematological data. In the low-infected groups worm counts were only slightly lower when the results after 28 days were compared with those after 56 days. Also, the worm numbers after 14 days were almost equal to those after 84 days, while at 140 days 1 animal still had the same number, the other one had lost its worm burden. In the high-infected groups the worm loss was much quicker. After 28 days a great part of the population had already been lost. Obviously, at the 200000 level the reaction of the host against the parasite was much stronger. Adult worms were expelled at a higher rate than early 4th-larval stages. In the first experiment worm measurements revealed differences between the length of females, males and spicules of males, these being significantly longer in the low-infected groups. Analysis of the distribution of worms over the small intestine showed that in the low-infected groups worms were mainly restricted to the first 6 metres. In the high-infected groups the worm population was distributed more evenly over the whole small intestine.