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The mediational sequence from body dissatisfaction through dieting to bulimia—often referred to as the “restraint pathway”—has been validated in numerous samples of adolescent girls, but the prevalence rate of bulimic pathology pales in comparison to rates of body dissatisfaction and dieting in this risk group. This discrepancy indicates that the restraint pathway may only apply to adolescent girls possessing certain characteristics or experiencing certain circumstances. Accordingly, the current study examined the moderating roles of thin-ideal internalization, interoceptive deficits, and age by using self-report data from a community sample of 353 middle school (n = 115), high school (n = 112), and college girls (n = 126). We found that (a) body-dissatisfied girls who reported high, versus low, thin-ideal internalization engaged in greater dietary restraint; (b) only dieters who reported high interoceptive deficits and were of college age expressed bulimic symptoms; and (c) the mediating effect pertained only to college girls with high interoceptive deficits, but was strongest for those who reported high, versus low, thin-ideal internalization. These results suggest that the restraint pathway's precision may be fine-tuned through greater sensitivity to potentiating factors and developmental context. Theoretical, empirical, and practical implications are discussed.
The Parkes pulsar data archive currently provides access to 144044 data files obtained from observations carried out at the Parkes observatory since the year 1991. Around 105 files are from surveys of the sky, the remainder are observations of 775 individual pulsars and their corresponding calibration signals. Survey observations are included from the Parkes 70 cm and the Swinburne Intermediate Latitude surveys. Individual pulsar observations are included from young pulsar timing projects, the Parkes Pulsar Timing Array and from the PULSE@Parkes outreach program. The data files and access methods are compatible with Virtual Observatory protocols. This paper describes the data currently stored in the archive and presents ways in which these data can be searched and downloaded.
the taxonomy of the genus centrophorus (squaliformes: squalidae) is currently in a great deal of uncertainty. the characteristics of the species subject to the present study most closely resemble those of centrophorus uyato, hence the use of centrophorus cf. uyato, though the species in question may be a species of centrophorus that has not been described previously. specimens were obtained via vertical and horizontal longline at depths of 250–913 m. the reproductive biology of 51 female and 8 male centrophorus cf. uyato were examined. this species is sexually dimorphic, with females attaining a larger size than males. the smallest mature male was 81.2 cm total length whereas the smallest mature female was 91.5 cm total length. females are aplacentally viviparous, with the pups acquiring nutrition via large external yolk sacs, and there was a maximum of two pups per litter. oocytes continued to develop throughout gestation. most females carrying developing embryos had two large (>3.3 cm), equally developed ovarian oocytes, which leads us to believe that they ovulate soon after parturition. this species seems to exhibit complete sexual segregation during the non-breeding season, with mature males absent from the study site during summer months. centrophorus cf. uyato may have one of the lowest fecundities among sharks, giving birth to a maximum of two pups every three years. all species in genus centrophorus have small litters (<6) making them vulnerable to over-exploitation.
The effect of dietary zinc deficiency on γ-glutamyl hydrolase (EC 184.108.40.206) activity and on pteroylpolyglutamate absorption was investigated in rats. Enzyme activity was determined in pancreas and gut lumen washings. Pteroylpolyglutamate absorption was studied by determining the rise in plasma folate levels following pteroylpolyglutamate ingestion. Two experiments were performed; in each purified diets were given to three groups of immature male Wistar rats for approximately 2 weeks. One group was given a Zn-deficient diet ad lib. (ZD), the second was pair-fed daily with this group on a Zn-adequate diet (PF) and the third was given the Zn-adequate diet ad lib. (AL). In Expt 1, significantly reduced pancreatic γ-glutamyl hydrolase activity was observed in ZD rats. In Expt 2, pteroylpolyglutamate was administered on day 14 and in the 3 h period following pteroylpolyglutamate ingestion, lumen γ-glutamyl hydrolase activity and plasma folate levels were significantly lower in ZD rats. Pancreas is reported as the source of lumen γ-glutamyl hydrolase in rats. The results presented indicate that the pancreatic enzyme is Zn-sensitive. It was concluded that, as a result, γ-glutamyl hydrolase activity was reduced in the lumen of ZD rats. Consequently the hydrolysis and subsequent absorption of pteroylpolyglutamate was impaired in ZD rats, as indicated by the smaller rise in plasma folate levels that occurred following pteroylpolyglutamate ingestion. Results of this study concur with previous observations in human beings and rats that Zn deficiency has an adverse effect on folate metabolism.
The effects of temperature of oxygen exposure on metal dispersion were determined for platinum deposited on Al2O3, ZrO2, 12 wt% Y2O3–ZrO2, and MgO. Platinum on zirconia and on magnesia showed higher thermal stability than platinum on alumina.
The effect of 15 amides and related compounds on the heat stability of milk was investigated; of these urea, biuret, triuret, methyl urea and ethyl urea had a similar stabilizing effect. These 5 compounds reacted with lysine to form a ninhydrin-positive compound, possibly homocitrulline, and with lactose produced Maillard-type browning, but some of the other compounds studied were also capable of participating in one or both of these reactions. The only effect which the 5 stabilizing amides had in common and which the other compounds did not share was a significant pH-buffering capacity in synthetic systems and in milk. It is suggested that urea exercises its stabilizing influence in milk principally through its ability to buffer the pH of the system during heating.
Addition of isolated κ-casein to milk reduced the destabilizing influence of forewarming, while the addition of isolated β-lactoglobulin (β-lg) to the κ-casein-enriched systems resulted in a loss in stability on forewarming. This effect was ascribed mainly to a β-lg:κ-casein interaction. Some individual milks were unaffected by forewarming while others were markedly destabilized by the same treatment. Addition of Ca2+ + Mg2+ and interchanging of milk sera by dialysis influenced stability.
It is concluded that milks which are destabilized by forewarming generally give a type A response (minimum in the pH–heat stability curves) and that preheat-stable milks generally give a type B curve (no minimum).
The effect of heat treatment on the rennet coagulation times (RCTs) of various casein–whey protein systems, the effect of pre-renneting centrifugal serum on the RCT of casein subsequently mixed with such serum, the influence of repeated centrifugation and resuspension at constant protein level on the RCT of such suspensions, and the rate and completeness of the hydrolysis of sialic acid in micellar and non-micellar caseins, all lead to the conclusion that κ-casein does not occur in milk in 2 functionally different states, as proposed by Parry & Carroll (1969).
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