Book chapters will be unavailable on Saturday 24th August between 8am-12pm BST. This is for essential maintenance which will provide improved performance going forwards. Please accept our apologies for any inconvenience caused.
To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
Coined barely two decades ago, the Anthropocene has become one of the most influential and controversial terms in environmental policy. Yet it remains an ambivalent and contested formulation, giving rise to a multitude of unexpected, and often uncomfortable, conversations. This book traces in detail a broad variety of such 'Anthropocene encounters': in science, philosophy and literary fiction. It asks what it means to 'think green' in a time when nature no longer offers a stable backdrop to political analysis. Do familiar political categories and concepts, such as democracy, justice, power and time, hold when confronted with a world radically transformed by humans? The book responds by inviting more radical political thought, plural forms of engagement, and extended ethical commitments, making it a fascinating and timely volume for graduate students and researchers working in earth system governance, environmental politics and studies of the Anthropocene.
Despite current disagreements over the future climate policy architecture, carbon markets represent a central feature in most proposals to move society towards a low carbon economy. The worldwide creation of carbon markets is emblematic of the marketization trend in climate governance that accelerated after Russia’s ratification of the Kyoto Protocol in November 2004 – the crucial moment making the treaty legally binding. With the entry into force of the Kyoto Protocol, the inception of the EU emissions trading scheme in 2005 and the more recent emergence of regional carbon markets in North America, Australia and New Zealand, global transactions in emission reductions have become more than mere social imagining. As estimated by the World Bank (Capoor and Ambrosi 2008: 1), as much as 2983 million tonnes of carbon dioxide were traded by public and private actors in 2007 to a total value of USD 64 035 million.
In this chapter, we illustrate the agency beyond the state in contemporary carbon markets. However, in contrast to global governance studies (Rosenau 1999; Biersteker and Hall 2002), we do not conceptualize carbon market governance along the public–private continuum. Instead of asking which entities (for example public or private authorities) govern the carbon economy, we draw attention to the procedures by which carbon markets are made thinkable and operational as administrative domains in the first place. Hence, we analyse the complex body of knowledge, techniques and practices that have turned tradable carbon offsets into a governable reality. In particular, this chapter focuses on the multilateral verification, validation and certification practices of the Clean Development Mechanism (CDM) that have enabled the making of the ‘certified emission reduction’, and the private rules and standard-setting underpinning ‘voluntary’ or ‘verified emission reductions’.
International Relations have increasingly projected an image of the world where territoriality has lost its organising force. The global movements of people, information, capital and pollution are seen as signs of increasing deterritorialisation. Climate change is one of these issues ‘beyond borders’ that due to its global framing has been established within the international. This article is an investigation into the political geography of the carbon cycle. We approach the tension between the representations of climate space as global and deterritorial on the one hand, and political practices that reterritorialise the climate on the other. We trace the political transformation of the global carbon cycle into ‘national sinks’ and argue that the two tendencies of deterritorialisation and reterritorialisation of climate space mirror the spatial assumptions of IR; the national inside and global outside.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.