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Jane Costello, Professor Emerita of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences at Duke University (United States) was born in England (1939) and received her PhD in social psychology from the University of London School of Economics. She participated in two National Academy of Medicine (United States) panels on aggressive and violent behavior. She began her career as an epidemiologist and evolved into a developmental epidemiologist, incorporating methods from the developmental sciences. Her interest in aggressive behavior started with studies of children with psychiatric illnesses. She created the DSM diagnostic interview for children. She studied the role of puberty in the development of conduct disorder. She created the Great Smoky Mountains Study in the United States, which led to an opportunity to compare the development of American Indian and non-Indian participants in response to a ‘natural experiment’: the creation of a casino. It had no effect on the children of the well-off members of the American Indian community, but it had a marked positive effect on children from poor families, even into their 30s. Results point to a critical period of exposure early in the teenage years: a bio-psycho-social phenomenon, which also has considerable economic and social effects, similar to the expected effect of a ‘Universal Basic Income’ (UBI).
Developmental Science provides an account of the basic principles of the new developmental synthesis. A group of eminent scientists from social and biological sciences believes that a fresh, interdisciplinary orientation is required to achieve progress on critical issues of behavioral theory, method, and application. They formed the Carolina Consortium on Human Development in 1987 as an advanced institute for the study of development. This book is the outgrowth of this long term collaboration. In addition to the collaborative statement, individual chapters outline implications of the orientation for method and theory in traditional disciplines. The chapters address specific developmental issues, varying across time frames, methodologies, disciplines, cultures and even species. They provide an inside look at the basic issues that confront modern social and behavioral study of development, including its strengths and problems.