To send content items to your account,
please confirm that you agree to abide by our usage policies.
If this is the first time you use this feature, you will be asked to authorise Cambridge Core to connect with your account.
Find out more about sending content to .
To send content items to your Kindle, first ensure firstname.lastname@example.org
is added to your Approved Personal Document E-mail List under your Personal Document Settings
on the Manage Your Content and Devices page of your Amazon account. Then enter the ‘name’ part
of your Kindle email address below.
Find out more about sending to your Kindle.
Note you can select to send to either the @free.kindle.com or @kindle.com variations.
‘@free.kindle.com’ emails are free but can only be sent to your device when it is connected to wi-fi.
‘@kindle.com’ emails can be delivered even when you are not connected to wi-fi, but note that service fees apply.
This chapter considers some of the mental health consequences of work and unemployment. Two major changes involved the nature of work and participation of women in the labor force. This chapter describes each of these changes, providing a context for the consideration of the relation of work and unemployment to mental health. First, there have been a number of changes in the types of work available in the United States. Second, women have entered the labor force in increasing numbers, partly in response to changes in the occupational structure. The chapter focuses on the stressful aspects of work; the benefits of work are examined indirectly when the authors consider the effects of unemployment. Many studies have found that the effect of unemployment is more negative among persons of low socioeconomic status. Several investigators have shown the importance of examining the economic context in which individuals experience unemployment.
The notion of a trajectory involves some patterned movement of a single object across space and time, and evokes images of inanimate objects, propelled by powerful forces, streaking across the night sky in a dramatic and predictable arc. In the sociology of the life course, we are more concerned with animate human actors whose trajectories are more subtle and who are more readily “bumped” off-course; but we nevertheless typically maintain that they are indeed propelled by powerful social forces that constrain, even if they do not completely determine, the shape of their lives. It is precisely because continuing in the same direction in which one is already headed is so much expected, in fact, that we find the exceptions interesting. We are fascinated, as social scientists and as fellow travelers from cradle to grave, when people appear to dramatically shift course, get “derailed” or “jump off the track,” reinvent themselves and their daily lives, and reshape their future prospects. In comparison, we tend to be less interested in that which makes these exceptions remarkable – the strong persistence over time, for most people, of their current circumstances. Thus, dramatic turning points are foregrounded while trajectories are backgrounded. In the social stress literature, a similar emphasis can be seen in the preoccupation with life events to the relative neglect of chronic, persistent social conditions.
Email your librarian or administrator to recommend adding this to your organisation's collection.