Sub-Ångstrom TEM to a resolution of 0.78Å has been demonstrated by the one-Ångstrom microscope (OÅM) project at the National Center for Electron Microscopy. The OÅM combines a modified CM300FEG-UT with computer software able to generate sub-Angstrom images from experimental image series.
Sub-Ångstrom HREM is gaining in importance as researchers design and build artificially-structured nanomaterials such as semiconductor devices, ceramic coatings, and nanomachines. Commonly, such nanostructures include atoms with bond lengths shorter in projection than the point resolution of a mid-voltage HREM. in addition, image simulations have shown that structure determinations of defects such as dislocation cores require sub-Angstrom resolution, as will hold true for grain boundaries and other interfaces.
Sub-Ångstrom microscopy with a transmission electron microscope requires meticulous attention to detail. As resolution is improved, resolution-limiting parameters need to be reduced. in particular, aberrations must be minimized, power supplies must be stabilized, and the microscope environment optimized to reduce acoustic and electromagnetic noise in addition to vibration.