We would like to present early results from the EINSTEIN X-ray Observatory on three radio galaxies: Centaurus A, NGC 315 = DW0055+30, and Cygnus A = 3C405. We hope to demonstrate that imaging X-ray astronomy can provide important insights into the physics and environment of radio galaxies and their extended radio components.
NGC 5128, the parent galaxy of the double-double radio source Centaurus A, is the nearest radio galaxy, providing the best testing ground for high resolution X-ray studies. The X-ray morphology has proved to be rich and varied. We detect four distinct components to the X-ray emission: (1) the strong, compact nucleus detected by earlier satellites; (2) extended emission around the nucleus; (3) emission from the inner radio lobes; and (4) a unique X-ray jet between the nucleus and the NE radio lobe. A detailed presentation of these observations can be found in Schreier et al. (1979).