The present work is intended to describe the variability of fibre colours in the population of alpacas from the region of Huancavelica, Peru. The population structure, the incidence of defects and the quality of the fibre, were also analysed. A total of 2341 animals from 22 flocks from seven communities with colour alpacas were characterised. The quality of fibre was analysed using a small subsample (121 alpacas). 10% of the animals were Huarizos and about 20% of stained colour. 96% of the animals of solid colour were from Huacaya breed and only 4% of Suri breed. Sixty six percent of the alpacas were of white colour. The cream and coffee colours were well represented, not however the black and grey. For the Suri breed, the conservation problem goes beyond its colouration, the breed itself being at risk. The population structure and the presence of defects seem to indicate less attention in the handling of the colour alpacas than in the white alpacas. Also the quality of the fibre of the coloured animals was less than that of the white alpacas, decreasing as the dark tone of the fibre increased.