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Multilayers of Y1Ba2Cu3O7-y/Y1Ba2(Cu1−xNix)3O7-ysuperconducting thin films have been grown epitaxially on (100) ZrO2 substrates using a pulsed laser deposition technique. The thickness of the Y1Ba2Cu3O7-y layer was varied from 60 Å to 900 Å and the thickness of the Y1Ba2(Cu1−xNix3O7-y layer was varied from 60 A to 100 A to determine the effect of the Ni-doped layers on the superconducting properties. Variations of critical current density were investigated as a function of temperature in magnetic fields up to 5 T. Magnetic field dependence of normalized critical current density, Jc(H)/Jc(O), is improved by the growth of Ni-doped multilayer structures, possibly due to an increase in flux pinning force.
Superconducting films of YBa2Cu3O7−6 obtained by laser ablation on MgO and ZrO2 substrates were investigated by soft x-ray absorption fine structure technique (XAFS) at O K-edge. Local environment around oxygen atoms was probed and information on the distribution of the nearestneighbors was obtained. Much higher degree of local disorder than that in a bulk YBa2Cu3O7−δ sample was observed.
Composite YBCO/BSCCO films on MgO(lOO) substrates were fabricated by using laser deposition. The structures and transport properties of these composite films were studied. The model of 3D percolating network in YBCO thin films will be discussed.
The engineering of a dual-cryostat for a pulsed-magnet instrument at the Advanced Photon Source is presented. The dual-cryostat independently cools the magnet coil (using liquid-nitrogen) and the sample (using a closed-cycle refrigerator). Liquid-nitrogen cooling may allow a repetition rate of a few minutes for peak fields near 30 T. The system is unique in that the liquid-nitrogen cryostat incorporates a double-funnel vacuum tube passing through the solenoid's bore in order to preserve the entire angular range allowed by the magnet bore for scattering studies. Second, the use of a separate refrigerator for the sample allows precise positioning of samples in the bore while minimizing magnet vibrations propagating to the sample during pulsed-field generation.
Three processing routes that generate uniaxial alignment but otherwise yield very different microstructure and critical current are compared. Fine grain size and c-axis alignment are obtained in magnetically aligned ceramics, pyrolyzed thick films, and in situ deposited thin films. The dense, well-aligned microstructure of the in situ process produces the highest zero field critical current Jc > 104 A/cm2 at 77 K. However, the critical current is suppressed in low magnetic field, suggesting that uniaxial alignment is not sufficient to avoid Josephson-type intergranular coupling. Above 1 T, the critical current of the aligned ceramic dominates in spite of its less ideal microstructure. The critical current in this high field region is one to two orders of magnitude greater than that of nonaligned material. This result implies the existence of a 3-d percolative network of strong links.
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