Electrical and luminescent properties of nondoped, and N-doped n-type 3C-SiC layers epitaxially grown on Si(100) by chemical vapor deposition were studied. Nondoped n-type epilayers with carrier concentration of 1×1016cm−3 and the Hall mobility of 750cm2/Vs at room temperature have the activation energy of donors, Ed=2OmeV, which is different from that of the donors in the N-doped layers. The photoluminescence spectra of nondoped layers are different from those of N-doped ones. These results suggest that the donors in the unintentionally doped n-type 3C-SiC are not due to N impurities. 45–70 % of N-donors in the N-doped epilayers are compensated.
Schottky-barrier and MOS-type field-effect transistors have been fabricated from 3C-SiC. The transistor operations of MESFETs and MOSFETs were studied at elevated temperatures up to 440°C. Transconductances of 1.7mS/mm and 0.15mS/mm for MESFET and 0.8 and 0.05mS/mm for MOSFET at room temperature and 440°C, respectively, were obtained. The drain currentvoltage characteristics of both the FETs at room temperature did not change in the least after heating up to 440°C in the air.