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We report a pseudo-outbreak of infection caused by Clostridium sordellii, an uncommon human pathogen. The pseudo-outbreak involved 6 patients and was temporally associated with a change by the clinical microbiology laboratory in the protocol of handling anaerobic culture specimens. All isolates were genetically indistinguishable from a laboratory reference strain used for quality control.
In the last 40 years, the increased space activity created a new form of space environment of hypervelocity objects—space debris—that have no functional use. The space debris, together with naturally occurring ultrahigh velocity meteoroids, presents a significant hazard to spacecraft. Collision with space debris or meteoroids might result in disfunction of external units such as solar cells, affecting materials properties, contaminating optical devices, or destroying satellites. The collision normally results in the formation of additional debris, increasing the hazard for future missions. The hypervelocity debris effect is studied by retrieving materials from space or by using ground simulation facilities. Simulation facilities, which include the light gas gun and Laser Driven Flyer methods, are used for studying the materials degradation due to debris impact. The impact effect could be accelerated when occurring simultaneously with other space environment components, such as atomic oxygen, ultraviolet, or x-ray radiation. Understanding the degradation mechanism might help in developing materials that will withstand the increasing hazard from the space debris, allowing for longer space missions. The large increase in space debris population and the associated risk to space activity requires significant measures to mitigate this hazard. Most current efforts are being devoted to prevention of collisions by keeping track of the larger debris and avoiding formation of new debris.
Vigil's socio-relational framework of sex differences in emotion-expressive behavior has a number of interesting aspects, especially the principal concepts of reciprocity potential and perceived attractiveness and trustworthiness. These are attractive and potentially heuristic ideas. However, some of his arguments and claims are not well grounded in research on early development. Three- to five-year-old children did not show the sex differences in emotion-expressive behavior discussed in the target article. Our data suggest that Vigil may have underestimated the roles of epigenetic and cultural factors in shaping emotion-expressive behavior.
This paper first presents the fixed-node diffusion and reptation quantum Monte Carlo (QMC) assessment of density functional theory (DFT) description of weak molecular interactions within several exchange-correlation (XC) approximations. The case of Benzene-molecule complex was studied with a number of small molecules. We found that the binding energy for the set of complexes depend significantly on XC approximation employed although its trend appears rather consistent. Analysis of the reduced density gradient revealed that the binding energy trend among different XC approximation is highly correlated with the exchange enhancement factor behaviors at large reduced density gradients. Our findings point to the importance of accurate exchange energy functional in describing the weak interactions, in addition to the more obvious correlation part in DFT description.
We then present DFT investigation on molecular interaction of NO3 toward a single-wall carbon nanotube (CNT). We aim to explain the atomistic processes that are responsible for the recently observed CNT conductance changes in the redox process. We found that molecular physisorption and chemisorption to be energetically stable states, and the chemisorbed configuration becomes less endothermic with an increased oxidation state of the CNT. Our results also show that the dissociative incorporation of the molecule can become highly favored energetically in the process. This chemical state may play an important role of the occasionally-observed CNT conductance irreversibility in the experiment.
The GliaSite radiation therapy system (RTS) is an implantable balloon brachytherapy applicator used to deliver iodine-125 in the treatment of recurrent high-grade gliomas. Patients generally tolerate the procedure well, with only rare reports of adverse events such as wound infection, meningitis, and symptomatic radiation necrosis. Hemorrhagic complications have not been reported. We present a case report describing intracranial hemorrhage during GliaSite manipulation in a patient receiving long-term anticoagulation for a previously diagnosed pulmonary embolism. The GliaSite RTS and the management of venous thromboembolism in patients with brain tumors are reviewed. These events suggest that normalizing coagulation status during GliaSite balloon inflation and deflation should be considered.
In this paper, we suggest the creation of a nanoparticles and
nanotubes by using the interaction of a femtosecond laser with a solid
target in a vacuum. A simple model is used to predict the optimal target
and the laser parameters for the production of efficient nanoparticles. At
the Soreq laboratory, experiments are performed with aluminium and carbon
targets using a femtosecond laser. The irradiated targets are composed of
either a thin layer of aluminium or of carbon, deposited on a transparent
heat-insulating glass substrate. The nanoparticle debris is collected on a
silicone wafer for X-ray diffraction (XRD), for scanning electron
microscopy (SEM), and for atomic force microscopy (AFM). For transmission
electron microscopy (TEM), the debris is caught on a copper grid covered
on one side with a carbon membrane. Our experiments confirm the creation
of crystal nanoparticles for aluminium and nanotubes for carbon
Mass-selected ion-beam deposition using 120 eV C+ ions has been used to grow a carbon film on a Si substrate held at 200° C. The structure of the film has been characterized by transmission electron microscopy and electron energy loss spectroscopy. The film is graphitic and highly oriented with the c-axis lying parallel to the substrate. Moreover, the film is under significant biaxial stress such that the graphitic layer spacing is reduced by 4% from that of ambient pressure graphite. This oriented structure evolves due to the mobility of the carbon atoms at 200 °C. The material is sufficiently crystalline on the nanometer scale so as to produce Bragg diffraction discs in a convergent beam electron diffraction pattern using a 2.5 nm probe.