RR Lyrae stars both in the field and in clusters can be used to derive the metal abundance of the regions and systems where they are found.
(1) New data have been collected on a sample of field ab-type RR Lyraes with the aim of studying the composition of the halo and the disk of the galaxy, (Clementini et al. 1992a, in preparation), using the relation found by Clementini et al. (1991), (hereafter CTM91), between [Fe/H] and the equivalent width of the Ca II K-line W‘(K). (2) A quantitative chemical abundance analysis of the ab type RR Lyrae (V29) in the globular cluster M4 has been performed using high resolution, high S/N spectroscopy. We obtain [Fe/H]=–1.3 ± 0.2 and the α– elements (Mg and Ti) are overabundant by 0.6 dex. These results are in good agreement with determinations from high resolution spectra of giants and blue horizontal branch stars (Clementini et al. 1992b, in preparation).